Galloway's APUSH Class: '08 - '09.

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 This week's (10/06 - 10/10) DBQ.

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William Chau
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PostSubject: This week's (10/06 - 10/10) DBQ.   Tue Oct 07, 2008 12:39 am

First and foremost... REMEMBER:
Galloway @ AUSD Classlink wrote:

Group 2 write it and groups 1 and 3 = thesis statements and outlines. NO EXTENSIONS.

If you can't find it: Here you go!

If you're having trouble downloading/opening the file:


File 2.1.doc wrote:

AP US History Document Based Question

Directions: The following question requires you to construct an essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A-K and your knowledge of the period referred to in the question. In the essay you should strive to support your assertions both by citing key pieces of evidence from the documents and by drawing on your knowledge of the period.
“The foreign policy of the Adams administration, 1797-1801, was timid, ineffective and totally unprotective of American interests and honor .” Assess the validity of this statement.


Document A



Document B

“In the evening . . . M. X. called on General Pinckney, and . . . . replied that the Directory, . . . . were exceedingly irritated at some passages of the President's speech, and desired that they should be softened; and that this step would be necessary previous to our reception. That, besides this, a sum of money was required for the pocket of the Directory and ministers, which would be at the disposal of M. Talleyrand; and that a loan would also be insisted on. M. X. said if we acceded to these measures, M. Talleyrand had no doubt that all our differences with France might be accommodated. . . .
We added, that all America deprecated a war with France; but that our present situation was more ruinous to us than a declared war could be; that at present our commence was plundered unprotected; but that if war was declared, we should seek the means of protection. M. X. said, he hoped we should not form a connection with Britain; and we answered, that we hoped so too; that we had all been engaged in our Revolutionary war, and felt its injuries; that it had made the deepest impression on us; but that if France should attack us, we must seek the best means of self-defense. M. X. again returned to the subject of money: Said he, gentlemen, you do not speak to the point; it is money: it is expected that you will offer money. We said that we had spoken to that point very explicitly: we had given an answer. No, said he, you have not: what is your answer? We replied, it is no; no; not a sixpence. . .” Elbridge Pinckney, The X Y Z Correspondence, America, Vol.4, Pg.205





Document C

“Who should succeed the exalted "Father of His Country"? Alexander Hamilton was the best-known member of the Federalist party, now that Washington had bowed out. But his financial policies, some of which had fattened the speculators, had made him so unpopular that he could not hope to be elected president. The Federalists were forced to turn to Washington's vice president, the experienced but ungracious John Adams, a rugged chip off old Plymouth Rock. The Democratic-Republicans naturally rallied behind their master organizer and leader, Thomas Jefferson.” Thomas Bailey, The American Pageant, Chapter 10.

Document D

“The Alien Law has been bitterly inveighed against as a direct attack upon our liberties, when in fact it affects only foreigners who are conspiring against us, and has no relation whatever to an American citizen. It gives authority to the First Magistrate [President] of the Union to order all such aliens as he shall judge dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States, or shall have reasonable grounds to suspect are concerned in any treasonable or secret machinations against the government thereof, to depart out of our territory.
The Sedition Act has likewise been shamefully misrepresented as an attack upon the freedom of speech and of the press. But we find, on the contrary, that it prescribes a punishment only for those pests of society and disturbers of order and tranquility "who write, print, utter, or publish any false, scandalous, and malicious writings against the government of the United States, or either house of the Congress of the United States, or the President, with intent to defame, or bring them into contempt or disrepute, or to excite against them the hatred of the good people of the United States; or to stir up sedition, or to abet the hostile designs of any foreign nation."
What honest man can justly be alarmed at such a law, or can wish unlimited permission to be given for the publication of malicious falsehoods, and with intentions the most base? ….. Because we have the right to speak and publish our opinions, it does not necessarily follow that we may exercise it in uttering false and malicious slanders against our neighbor or our government, any more than we may under cover of freedom of action knock down the first man we meet, and exempt ourselves from punishment by pleading that we are free agents." C. W. Upham, Life of Timothy Pickering (1873), vol. 3, pp. 475-476.


Document E

“. . . . I will defend myself [re actions regarding France], as long as I have an eye to direct my hand, or a finger to hold my pen. They were the most disinterested and meritorious of my life. I reflect upon them with so much satisfaction, that I desire no other inscription over my gravestone then: Here lies John Adams, who upon himself took sole responsibility of the peace with France in the year 1800.” Letter from Adams to Lloyd, January 1815, Works of John Adams, X, 113.



Document F

“[Resolved,] That this Assembly does explicitly and peremptorily declare that it views the powers of the federal government as resulting from the compact to which the states are parties, as limited by the plain sense and intention of the instrument [Constitution] constituting that compact, as no further valid than they are authorized by the grants enumerated in that compact; and that, in case of a deliberate, palpable, and dangerous exercise of other powers not granted by the said compact, the states who are parties thereto have the right, and are in duty bound, to interpose for arresting the progress of the evil, and for maintaining, within their respective limits, the authorities, rights, and liberties appertaining to them. . . .
That this state having, by its convention [of 1788] which ratified the federal Constitution, expressly declared that, among other essential rights, "the liberty of conscience and the press cannot be canceled, abridged, restrained, or modified by any authority of the United States," and, from its extreme anxiety to guard these rights from every possible attack of sophistry and ambition, having, with other states, recommended an amendment for that purpose, which amendment [the First] was, in due time, annexed to the Constitution, it would mark a reproachful inconsistency and criminal degeneracy if an indifference were now shown to the most palpable violation of one of the rights thus declared and secured, and to the establishment of a precedent which may be fatal to the other. Jonathan Elliot, The Debates . . . on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1836), vol. 4, pp. 528-529.

Document G

“Meanwhile French cruisers captured American vessels, and French courts confiscated their cargoes, and imprisoned their crews. Finally the commissioners were given to understand, if they would advance a little money for the special benefit of Talleyrand and his worthy friends, and also pledge the United States to make France a loan, that negotiations would be commenced in earnest. . . .
A large number of French exiles -- it was thought nearly thirty thousand -- were, at this time, in the country. Some of these acted as spies, at least so thought the government; some had tampered with the people of Kentucky to induce them to join in an expedition against Louisiana, then belonging to Spain, and some planned a similar expedition against Florida. Thus did they abuse the hospitality tendered them by endeavoring to create divisions among the people, and opposition to the policy of the government.
Under these circumstances Congress passed what was termed the "Alien Act," to continue in force two years, by which the President was authorized to order out of the country aliens, who, by their plots might endanger the interests of the government in case of war. The law was never enforced, but nevertheless a large number of these exiles left the country.
The administration of Adams, now drawing to its close, was in its policy like that of Washington. During these twelve years, there was much opposition, but that policy in the main has remained unchanged from that day to this. To be free from the turmoil of European politics was wisdom, hut to carry it out required the calm determination of Washington, as well as the impulsive energy of Adams, "who was not the man to quail" when he thought duty called. William Jackman, History of the American Nation, Vol.3, Pg.685 - Pg.686


Document H

“In the midst of these pleasing ideas we should be unfaithful to ourselves if we should ever lose sight of the danger to our liberties if anything partial or extraneous should infect the purity of our free, fair, virtuous, and independent elections. If an election is to be determined by a majority of a single vote, and that can be procured by a party through artifice or corruption, the Government may be the choice of a party for its own ends, not of the nation for the national good. If that solitary suffrage can be obtained by foreign nations by flattery or menaces, by fraud or violence, by terror, intrigue, or venality, the Government may not be the choice of the American people, but of foreign nations. It may be foreign nations who govern us, and not we, the people, who govern ourselves; and candid men will acknowledge that in such cases choice would have little advantage to boast of over lot or chance. John Adams “Inaugural Address”, March 4, 1797 History of the American People, Vol.3, Pg.329.

Document I

“The first Vice President became the second President of the United States. His opponent in the election, Thomas Jefferson, had won the second greatest number of electoral votes and therefore had been elected Vice President by the electoral college. Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth administered the oath of office in the Hall of the House of Representatives in Federal Hall before a joint session of Congress. The twelfth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Eighth Congress, on the 12th of December, 1803, in lieu of the third paragraph of the first section of the third article; and was declared in a proclamation of the Secretary of State, dated the 25th of September, 1804, to have been ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the States. . . . lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate -The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted -The person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice president, shall be the Vice President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United States.” Amendment 12, U S Constitution.


Document J

“By the convention signed Seotember, 30, 1800, France agreed to cancel the vexatious treaties if the United States would drop its bothersome financial claims. This meant that the United States would have to pay the claims to its own citizens arsing out of the undeclared naval war with France. The troubled history of the French pact does much to explain why the American people developed so violent an allergy to overseas entanglements.” E. Wilson Lyon, “The Franco-American Convention of 1800,” Journal of Modern History, XII [1940] 329-333.


Document K



The scene above is old woodcut of a naval engagement between the USS Wasp and French warships in 1799. Avery Craven, The United States: Experiment in Democracy, 1942.




And can someone confirm the due date? Thank you!

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Sophia Chung
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PostSubject: Re: This week's (10/06 - 10/10) DBQ.   Thu Oct 09, 2008 9:17 pm

It's due Fri Oct 10.
haha good luck to everyone who has to write essays.
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